Eclipse IDE for web developers

Eclipse PHP IDE

Eclipse is an open-source integrated development environment (IDE) used for computer programming.

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It is very popular for developing Java applications, but through plugins, Eclipse can be turned into a multi-language programming software application. It is popularly used for website development using HTML, PHP, JavaScript and CSS, but support other programming languages, e.g. Python, can easily be added.

Eclipse is free-to-use and has all the features one would expect from any proper IDE, including:

  • Syntax highlighting
  • Content assist
  • Code formatting
  • Refactoring
  • Code templates
  • Code navigation, etc.

Eclipse for website developers

The default Eclipse download files include almost all the packages needed for PHP, CSS, JavaScript and HTML programming. To be able to connect to a remote website, the Remote System Explorer can be added (see later).

Eclipse for Python developers

Eclipse can be used with multiple programming languages. We’ve also covered adding Python functionality in Eclipse IDE for Python developers. For new Python developers, a good alternative for Eclipse is PyCharm.

Installing Eclipse IDE in Windows

Eclipse is available for Mac OS X (64 bit), Windows and Linux (32 & 64 bit) operating systems. To use Eclipse (after it has been downloaded and extracted), Java needs to be installed (see later).

Eclipse Oxygen download page

On the downloads page, under Get Eclipse 2019-09 (at the time of updating) -> click Download Packages. For the default version of Eclipse, choose Eclipse for PHP Developers (32-bit or 64-bit) -> Download. The file will download as a compressed zip file.

Download Eclipse for PHP developers
Eclipse downloads page.

There is no need to run any installer. Eclipse is installed by simply extracting the downloaded file into a directory of choice (e.g. c:\eclipse). When it is no longer needed, the entire Eclipse directory can be deleted without running any un-installer. Multiple copies of Eclipse can be created and used on the same machine.

Installing Java

Eclipse needs Java (8 or higher) to function. It will also be needed to run, the newer, Eclipse installer. Java Runtime (JRE) is needed for running Java programs. The Java Development Kit (JDK, which includes JRE), is needed for writing (developing) as well as running Java programs. For non-Java programmers, the JRE will be enough. At the time of updating, the newest version of Java JDK was 13 and Java JRE was 8.

Before installing a newer version of Java, the older version(s) should be uninstalled. To see if, or what version(s) of Java has already been installed, the Windows Programs and Features (in the Window Control Panel) can be used. This is also where older versions of Java can be uninstalled.

It is also important to note that the Oracle JDK License has changed for releases starting April 16, 2019. It is still free for personal and development use. Other uses authorized under prior Oracle JDK licenses may no longer be available. See the Oracle JDK licence terms and FAQs if you are unsure.

From the Java SE Downloads page, the required Java environment (JDK or JRE) can be selected after which you need to accept the license agreement and select the operating system distribution for download. For Windows operating systems, the EXE-file will allow simple installation. A default installation of Java should be enough. Lately, you will need to create an Oracle account to be able to download their files.

Java SE download page
Java Standard Edition Downloads page.

Download JavaCreating a workspace and project

Upon opening Eclipse for the first time, a popup screen will ask for workspace instructions. A workspace is the concept used for grouping related Eclipse settings, related projects and related configuration pertaining to these projects. Workspaces are saved as individual directories.

Creating an Eclipse workgroup
Eclipse workspace pop-up screen.

In the case where a known workspace already exists, the Browse… button can be used to set its location, otherwise, a new workspace can be created. Multiple workspaces can be used.

Eclipse Oxygen welcome screen
Eclipse Welcome to Eclipse for PHP Developers screen.

After the workspace has been determined, the Eclipse welcome screen will be shown with multiple options. From here, new PHP projects can be selected. Projects will be saved as directories within the workspace and multiple projects can be created and used.

Eclipse project creator
Eclipse Create a PHP Project screen. The default settings can be used for beginners.

In this case, a new PHP project, named, New PHP Project Alpha, was created with the default settings. The workspace will show all the created projects in the Project Explorer.

Eclipse Project Explorer
Eclipse Project Explorer showing all the projects created in that workspace.

After closing Eclipse, the workspace will be saved automatically. To go to the chosen workspace’s Project Explorer from the welcome screen without creating a new project, click on the Workbench button.

Eclipse Remote System Explorer (RSE)

To be able to develop on a remote location, e.g. on a web server, Eclipse has, what they call, a Remote System Explorer. The RSE is installed as plugin software (see below). It is basically a separate explorer, similar to the Project Explorer, but with remote locations.

The RSE enables the use of FTP (among other connection protocols) to connect to remote websites. The RSE can also connect to a local network web directory via SSH or SFTP and can be used to do basic FTP commands such as copying, renaming and creating directories.

Installing the Eclipse Remote System Explorer

While in the desired workspace’s Project Explorer, choose Help > Install New Software. Under Work with: select –All Available Sites– Under filter, type “remote system explorer” and click on the Select All button.

Eclipse install software screen
Eclipse software installer with filtering options to install the Remote System Explorer (RSE).

Click the Next > button. Follow the on-screen instructions to finish installing the software. The RSE will now be available to use in all the workspaces that are in the install directory.

Switching to the Eclipse Remote System Explorer perspective

After the RSE software has been installed successfully, the Remote System Explorer perspective can be activated. Go to Window > (Perspective) > Open Perspective > Other > Remote System Explorer. This step only has to be done once. The perspective button is also available on the top right corner of the workspace.

Eclipse Remote System Explorer view activation

After the Eclipse Remote System Explorer perspective has been activated, it can be viewed by choosing its icon on the top right corner of the workspace. To go back to the (PHP) Project Explorer, its icon can be chosen.

Eclipse perspective buttons
Open perspective, PHP (project) and Remote System Explorer buttons on the top right corner of the Eclipse workspace.

Creating a new remote connection

From the Remote System Explorer, new connections can be created by right-clicking in the Remote Systems window, choosing New > Connection… Multiple remote site connections (accessible at the same time) can be created.

Updating Eclipse

To update Eclipse to the latest version, select Help -> Check for Updates.

About the author
Renier busies himself with improving his English writing, creative web design and his websites, photoshopping, micro-electronics, multiple genres of music, superhero movies and badass series.
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